The 3 Most Common Types of Therapy

Mar 22, 2023 | Adolescent Treatment, Adult Treatment, Therapy

When it comes to mental health treatments, many people tend to think of just one type: talk therapy. But there are actually many different types of therapy that can help you address your unique challenges and needs. Therapy is a form of treatment that helps individuals address and work through mental health issues, behaviors, and emotions. It can be a powerful tool for personal growth and understanding, and there are many different types of therapy available to suit different needs and preferences. Here are three of the most common types of therapy:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that helps you identify and change unhelpful thoughts, feelings, behaviors and actions. The goal of CBT is to help individuals identify and change these patterns and develop new, healthier ways of coping with difficult situations. By identifying and changing these negative patterns, individuals can improve their mental health and overall well-being. CBT can be used to treat anxiety disorders such as phobias and panic disorder, depression, eating disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and so much more.

CBT is a structured therapy that typically involves weekly sessions with a therapist. The therapist works with the individual to identify negative thought patterns and behaviors and to develop strategies for changing them. This may involve tracking and monitoring thoughts and behaviors in order to identify patterns and triggers, and then working on replacing negative thoughts and behaviors with more positive ones.

CBT can be used to treat a wide range of mental health issues, including anxiety disorders, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), eating disorders, and substance abuse. It can also be effective in addressing problems such as chronic pain, insomnia, and relationship issues. Ultimately, CBT is a valuable tool for improving mental health and well-being. By identifying and changing negative thought patterns and behaviors, individuals can learn to manage their emotions and make positive changes in their lives.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that was developed by Marsha Linehan in the 1980s. It was initially designed to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD), but has since been found to be effective for a wide range of other mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and substance abuse.

DBT is based on the idea that individuals with certain mental health issues have difficulty regulating their emotions and may engage in unhealthy behaviors as a way of coping with their emotions. DBT aims to help individuals better manage their emotions and reduce unhealthy behaviors through a combination of individual therapy and group skills training.

The goal of DBT is to help people with BPD learn how to deal with their emotions and regulate them in healthy ways. The four main skills taught in this type of treatment are:

  • Distress tolerance: The ability to tolerate anxiety and pain.
  • Emotion regulation: The ability to bring your feelings under control when they become overwhelming.
  • Interpersonal effectiveness: The ability to communicate with others in an assertive but non-threatening way.
  • Mindfulness: Being aware of what’s happening right now without judging it or yourself.

One of the key principles of DBT is the concept of dialectics, which involves bringing together seemingly opposing ideas in order to find a balanced, integrated solution. In DBT, this means accepting and validating an individual’s feelings and experiences, while also teaching new skills and strategies for managing those emotions in a healthy way.

DBT includes four main components: individual therapy, group skills training, phone coaching, and therapist consultation. Individual therapy is similar to traditional talk therapy, in which individuals work one-on-one with a therapist to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Group skills training is a weekly group session in which individuals learn specific skills to manage their emotions and reduce unhealthy behaviors. Phone coaching is a short, scheduled phone call with a therapist in which individuals can discuss any challenges or concerns that have arisen since the last therapy session. Therapist consultation is a weekly meeting in which therapists discuss cases and strategies for providing the best possible care to their clients.

This form of treatment has been found to be a highly effective treatment for individuals with BPD in particular, although it also helps with other mental health issues. If you are seeking treatment and think that DBT may be right for you, it is important to find a trained and qualified DBT therapist.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a type of therapy that focuses on the relationship between past experiences and current behavior. It helps people understand how their past experiences impact their current behavior. Psychodynamic therapists help their clients gain insight into why they do what they do, which can help them change or cope with certain situations in the future.

One of the key principles of psychodynamic therapy is that the past plays a significant role in shaping our present experiences. This means that the therapist will often encourage the client to reflect on their early life experiences and relationships, in order to gain insight into their current difficulties.

The therapist will also help the client to identify patterns of thought and behavior that may be contributing to their problems, and will work with the client to develop healthier ways of coping. This process can involve exploring the client’s defenses, such as denial, repression, and displacement, which may be blocking their ability to fully understand and resolve their issues.

One of the most important benefits of psychodynamic therapy is that it can help clients to gain insight into the root causes of their problems, and to develop a deeper understanding of themselves and their relationships. It can also help clients to develop more adaptive coping strategies, and to improve their relationships with others.

Choosing the right therapist for your needs helps you get the most out of therapy.

When exploring which type of therapist will be a best fit for you, consider:

  • Search for a therapist who is trained in the type of therapy you want. If you are seeking help with depression, choose a therapist who has experience with depression and other mental illnesses. Certain therapists specialize in certain areas, which means that some will be a better fit than others.
  • A therapist who has experience with the specific issues you’re facing. For example, if your parents struggled with addiction all through your childhood, it’s important to find someone who knows what those experiences are like and can help support you through them. Another example could be a therapist that specializes in LGBTQ related challenges.
  • A therapist whose style matches yours. Everyone has different personalities and communication styles—and this applies to therapists as well. Some people respond better when they’re asked questions; others like one-sided conversations where they can candidly talk about what’s on their mind without interruption. It is important to remember that you do not have to commit to the first therapist you speak with. If possible, try out some sessions before committing so that both parties can get a sense of whether they’ll work well together over time.

The best therapy is the kind that helps you work through your problems in a way that feels right for you. 

Therapy Can Help!

To learn more about how therapy can help you, contact us at 713-477-0333 or visit our website at  You can also learn about more intensive treatment options at New Dimensions at